Bio Medical Waste Management System
The wastes generated from health care units are generally classified as infectious and non-infectious. The infectious health care wastes are termed as ‘bio-medical wastes’ and are considered to be potentially hazardous in nature. The disposal of untreated bio-medical wastes mixed with non-infectious health care wastes or other general municipal wastes poses an environmental threat and public health risk. Indiscriminate disposal of untreated bio-medical waste is often the cause for the spread of several infectious diseases. It is also responsible for the nosocomial diseases i.e. the hospital acquired diseases to the healthcare personnel who handle these wastes at the point of generation. Moreover, this is equally harmful to persons involved in the bio-medical waste management i.e. segregation, storage, transport, treatment and disposal. Apart from the above, a good amount of bio-medical wastes such as disposable syringes, saline bottles, I.V. fluid bottles etc. are picked up by rag pickers and are recycled back into the market without any disinfection procedures. It is imperative, therefore, to adopt an appropriate environmentally safe method for the disposal of the hospital wastes.
Bio Medical Waste
Any waste, which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunisation of human beings or animals or in research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological or in health camps, including the categories mentioned in Schedule I
- Biomedical Waste Management Rules 2016
The amount of infectious waste is nearly about 15-20% of the total waste generated from a health care establishment. In absence of proper segregation, the non-infectious waste becomes infectious and poses environmental threat to the society.
Large wheel-able trolleys are being used for in-house transport of segregated bio-medical waste and it is done at 8am in the morning every day. From Operation Theaters, Labour room and Casualty/Emergency wards segregated waste is collected twice in a day.
We have a temporary storage room measuring 12’X10′ within the hospital premises where the waste collected from the wards, OPD, OT, Labour room and Casualty are being stored temporarily.
- Biohazard symbol is displayed and entry is restricted only to authorized personal.
- It is used only for storage of bio-medical waste.
- The area and the surroundings is kept neat and tidy with greenery around.
- It has proper water facility, electric connection and weighing machine along with relevant records.
- Proper drainage facility is in place (connected to effluent treatment plant).
Liquid waste which is generated from Shivamogga Institute of Medical Sciences, is being drained to the Effluent Treatment Plant within the premises where the liquid waste is being treated scientifically as per Pollution Control Board guidelines to meet the prescribed standard.
After treatment, the treated water was used for construction purpose initially and as of now it is being utilized for gardening. The treated water is not being let into the Public drainage system.